The Korean government has put into operation various evaluation systems including agency evaluation which is based on the basic law of evaluation, financial performance management system, personnel evaluation, and informatization evaluation. Among the ...
The Korean government has put into operation various evaluation systems including agency evaluation which is based on the basic law of evaluation, financial performance management system, personnel evaluation, and informatization evaluation. Among them, it could be said that the most practically effective evaluation system is self-evaluation. This research focuses on the improvement of the self-evaluation system of government bodies in order to build the national infrastructure for evaluation. The improvement plan is largely derived from the opinion survey to evaluation experts.
The basic direction for the self-evaluation system to be developed is set as (1) guaranteeing autonomy to enhance independence and expertise of self-evaluation, (2) securing accountability by making public the evaluation process and results, and feeding back and utilizing them for management decision-making, and (3) enhancing fairness in the formation of the self-evaluation committee and to institutionalize the meta-evaluation. Also, the basic principles of the new self-evaluation system are set as (1) that the system should guarantee the government bodies' self-regulation, (2) that it should change the current evaluator-centered, centralized evaluation into the agency-centered, decentralized evaluation, (3) that it should advance the organization for, the procedure of, and the techniques of the evaluation, (4) that it should strengthen the evaluation capability through the right positioning of the evaluation organization and securing the proper amount of human and material resources, (5) it should provide concrete rules and regulations for the public notice and construct on-line public notice system, and (6) it should institutionalize the use of evaluation results and establish the concrete incentive system.
And the measures to improve the evaluation on the individual level include the concern and recognition of the necessity of the evaluation by the head of the organization, the establishment of system in which the evaluated agree upon the evaluation results, the attainment of expertise in knowledge required for evaluation (methodologies and techniques) for the evaluation personnel and the development of the methods that establish linkage between the evaluation results and individual appraisal and/or budget.
The measures to improve the evaluation on the organizational level include the establishment of central agency in charge of government-wide evaluation that is able to coordinate the evaluation of each departments and agencies, the eradication of redundancy of the evaluations through the unification of evaluation-related works and functions in each department and agency, the setting-up of the evaluation unit in the department with an appropriate status, the realization of decentralization and autonomy of departmental evaluation by the way of minimizing the direct, top-down evaluation by upper level agencies, the inclusion of experts in evaluation methodologies as well as in the evaluated areas in the internal evaluation committee, the establishment of evaluation research institute for the purpose of upgrading evaluation expertise in the government and the strengthening of evaluation training function of the evaluation research institute.
Finally the measures to improve the evaluation on the environmental level include the autonomy of evaluation by the settlement of evaluation- friendly culture, the conduct of consumer-oriented diversified evaluation, the strengthening of the partnership among evaluation-related agencies as well as among the agencies of the different levels and the linking evaluation of government-supported public entities to the governmental evaluation.