This study is designed to revisit the process of transformation of East Asian Developmental state with a new perspective of governance. The phenomenon of globalization, democratization, and informatization have made the state-centric approach inapprop ...
This study is designed to revisit the process of transformation of East Asian Developmental state with a new perspective of governance. The phenomenon of globalization, democratization, and informatization have made the state-centric approach inappropriate, due to the rising role of diverse actors such as NGOs, etc. The perspective of 'governance', which is the mode of coordination in political economy, consequently becomes important in understanding changes of developmental state. The network governance includes the intra-state policy network of coordination as well as outside-state network with diverse social/economic actors for economic innovation. Korea and Taiwan have succeeded in promoting IT industry and application. However, they have shown some differences in modes of governance in promoting IT industry and application. Korea has developed the vertically-coordinated mode of governance, which reflects the legacy of developmental state. Also Korea has not succeeded in establishing the voluntary and cooperative network among actors such as government, research institute, university, and industry in IT cluster. However, Taiwan has developed flexible mechanisms to enhance intra-state policy coordination for promoting IT industry and application. Taiwan has established the cooperative network governance in IT cluster such as Hsinchu science park.
This study analyzes the activities of transnational advocacy network(TAN) seeking responsible compensations for the women defeated for military sexual slavery by Japan. This issue needs to be approached at the regional level as it contains the very East-Asian background in its historical birth and its cultural implication. Since the beginning of TAN led by Korean Council for the Women Defeated for Military Sexual Slavery by Japan in 1992, the journey for defining responsibility of Japanese government accompanying with relevant compensation has been successful, marking the climax at the International Court decision of sentencing guilty of Japanese emperor and the government in 2001. However, it doesn't seem to be completed as the actual change of Japanese government has not been witnessed.
For successful regional governance, TAN needs to be widened into the global level at the stages of building norms for giving pressures to the nation. At the same time, it also needs to be narrowed down to the national level when it seeks the actual changes of suppressing nation. In that respect, from now on, it seems to be necessary to shift the level of approach from regional-global governance to regional-national one. As the change of government policy needs the conditions of spread of issue salience among citizens and the rational decision based on national interest, the more efforts to change public opinion in Japanese society along with some diplomatic pressure from the neighbor nations are very necessary.
The introduction of e-voting system is now under consideration by many countries, and some of them have already launched pilot projects in e-voting. The Korean government announced that it would introduce an electronic voting system for all political elections starting in 2005. Korea will be the first country in Asia to introduce an electronic voting system for all political elections. Though an electronic ballot-counting system has been utilized in public elections in recent years, electronic voting has not been popularly implemented for national elections. Facing the advent of e-voting era, this study will investigate the political meaning and effect of e-voting, and try to yield policy implication in adopting e-voting in Korea, through comparatively analyzing the cases of other countries.