1. Chinese term of "Li ju" is a translation from "motivtion", but it originated in old chinese documents. A concept that have to do with the term is "inner form". Inner form originde from Humboldt, a German philosopher lived in 18~19Century. The majo ...
1. Chinese term of "Li ju" is a translation from "motivtion", but it originated in old chinese documents. A concept that have to do with the term is "inner form". Inner form originde from Humboldt, a German philosopher lived in 18~19Century. The major issue is whether they two is equal or not. Wang Ai-lu and Si Fu-zhen, have a bigfoot in this field, : (1) Simple word has not any inner form, just compound word can has inner form, (2) "Li ju (motivation)" has sevral steps of maked up with inner form and morpheme, and each step has Li ju - projecting of own. Although their asserion is very minute, but have some problems. So -called "the three step of Li ju projecting", just can describe each step, didn't bring to effect for the whole relaionship.
2. This paper pointed out some mistake of actual investigation of compound words's Li ju(motivation). For example, Conjecturing from the letters. "ma lu", means a thoroughfare, is a word of foreign origin. Originally, "Ma" in "ma lu" is a person´s name who the first constructed a thoroughfare, his full name was McAdam, John Loudo. But, most peole think that "Ma" neans horse, a horse's road is broader than human's road, it is fallacy. A difficult point of investigating of Li ju is that it almost haven't methodology . Wang and Si proposed a set of methodology so-callde "disassemble and investigation method. But, it is just available on some limited compound word. If a word origined from particular cultural background, it can't apply to.
3. From the nineties, a theory of syntax is newly-risen, it is "Zi -centered" theory. It asserts that the basic structural unit of Chinese is Zi (the monosyllabic Chinese word) ; the one of their basic principle is similarity theory, and this similarity theory has abundance of motivation. The "Zi-centered" theory has revealed the intrinsic nature of the Chinese language. Its research findings can benefit all aspects of TCFL. I think, although it has many strong point, but word centered theory is still usefull. Zi can't cover the all Chinese grammatical unit and phenomena. And Zi centered theory, though can supply many usefull word order principle, but it is not suitable to school grammar.