Existing research on Sung Confucianism of the Chosun Dynasty period has defined the Yeongnam school and the Yul Gok school based on characters of Chu-Ri Chu-Gi, relationships between the teachers and the students who has been being under them, their p ...
Existing research on Sung Confucianism of the Chosun Dynasty period has defined the Yeongnam school and the Yul Gok school based on characters of Chu-Ri Chu-Gi, relationships between the teachers and the students who has been being under them, their political lines and regional trait so far. But this study is intented to analysis A, which is different from the viewpoint of Chu-Ri and Chu-Gi regarding the late Chosun Dynasty period.
Hsin-ching and Hsin-ching-fu-chu did not influenced on the history of Neo-Confucianism in China. On the other hand, Lee Hwang wrote Hsin-ching-hu-run and declared his interest about it in Korea. After that it had became a serious book that determines flows of Neo-Confucianism in the late Chosun Dynasty. It is because of emphasized the Theory of Human Nature following the academic tendency of chosun Neo-Confucianism, while it is laid stress on Rigiron of China Neo-Confucianism.
Chin-duksu edited and expounded Hsin-ching from the angle of Zhi Xi Philosophy. It means that he did all his works based on basic point of view of Zhi Xi comparatively. Jung Min-jung put Jondugsung study to the most important subject(matter) of Hsin-ching in complementing Hsin-ching-fu-chu, which is so different from intent of Chin-duksu.
Despite Jung Min-jung had her academic tendency that detected in Hsin-ching-fu-chu and a position that did not concentrate on Zhi Xi Philosophy but on Xiangshanxue, previous followers of Toegye did not admit. Toegye did rather defend her several times with a strong voice. The followers of Toegye and the later followers after them named problems of Hsin-ching-fu-chu, analyzed it extensively and published many commentaries till the time of late Chosun Dynasty.
The following channels are a result by looking into the history of comments on Hsin-ching-fu-chu. A basic channel is divided into Youngnam School and Giho School. Youngnam School. Toegye and his fist students were the first generation of Youngnam School, Lee Snag-jung and his followers were the second generation of it, and the third generation are composed of scholars in the late Chosun Dynasty including Lee Jin-sang. On the other hand, in Giho School, full blown works related with Hsin-ching-fu-chu begun with Hsin-ching-Suk-Eu written by Song Si-yol, continues by his followers and Naghak and Hohak, and ends followers of Jun Woo in the late Chosun Dynasty. Except these orthodoxy Giho School, some scholars like Im Sung-ju, Lee Hang-ro and so on are also a part of Giho School.
Chung Che-du, who improved Chosun Yangming Philosophy in Giho era, wrote Hsin-ching-Jip-Eu ignoring a formation that Hsin-ching and Hsin-ching-fu-chu choose. This book reorganized Hsin-ching in the point of view of Yangming Philosophy and it is a new commentary regarding Hsin-ching unlike Zhi Xi and Toegye. Chong Yagyong, who was a outstanding Silhak scholars in the late Chosun Dynasty, wrote Hsin-ching-mil-hum with his own opinion.
Hsin-ching and Hsin-ching-fu-chu were not books that came into notices of a few Neo-Confucianism scholar in the late Chosun Dynasty. Most confucianism including Youngnam School, Giho School, Silhak School and Yangming Philosophy in Chosun period. Therefore this study divide Hsin-ching and Hsin-ching-fu-chu according to philosophical positions and viewpoints expecially each bibliographical notes regarding commentaries. And it chases after every features and a process of development of each schools by advancing the research specifically. With this study we can draw a new academic picture based on the Theory of Human Nature which is the most important issue of Chosun Neo-Confucianism, and it is not based on the Theory of Igi.