The study originated from the discussion of variations in housing types among different time periods in order to explain the history of modern housing in Korea. The Korean modern housing was analyzed as a whole, then a detailed analysis was made based ...
The study originated from the discussion of variations in housing types among different time periods in order to explain the history of modern housing in Korea. The Korean modern housing was analyzed as a whole, then a detailed analysis was made based on time periods, regions, and social statuses. The Korean housing can be divided based on regional, periodical, and social aspects. Thus, traditional and foreign, urban and rural, modern and historical, and high class and low class housings existed. Each type requires different research methods. Therefore, it was also important to know the relationships and differences between each housing type. Based on such aspects, the formation, exterior, usage, and structuring of the area were analyzed.
The housing history is the same as human history. The study analyzed the human life in the physical environment of housing. Because the housing holds the inhabitants life, the characteristics of the area formation is closely related to the living style. Thus, the relationship between the human life and the physical environment were studied from various perspectives. The microscopic history, in particular, deals with the conflicts and adaptation of the individual’s living and reality. The study does not restrict itself in analyzing simple housing history. In fact, it covers the macroscopic social history and the microscopic history of daily lives to study the relationship between the individual’s social and structural environment.
Since the history is constantly repeated, it is very important to clearly understand the current housing culture in order to develop and comprehend the housing culture. Also, the study of the changes in the Korean housing culture since modernization is based on the studies on the Korean housing’s modernization. Based on this, the study passes through the housing culture changes and also attempted a cross sectional and longitudinal research analyzing the following.
1) Housing as a physical object and the content of living: As a physical environment, the hardware of the housing and the software, which contains the human life, coexist.
2) Macroscopic and microscopic aspects: Housing includes urban, rural, complexes, neighborhoods, and unit housings.
3) Multi-family housing and single-family housing: Various aspects of the two housing styles were compared and contrasted.
4) High-class and low-class housing: Housing styles and lives in different social statuses were studied to understand the social meaning.