The generation of 1848 was concerned about the value of the oral literature. Consequently, the surface and internal relations between the oral and written literatures began to be regularized. The front and rear epoch of 1848 was a period risen to the ...
The generation of 1848 was concerned about the value of the oral literature. Consequently, the surface and internal relations between the oral and written literatures began to be regularized. The front and rear epoch of 1848 was a period risen to the climax by the recording in a book and publishing of the folk-works on one hand, and the folk-researching and analyzing of the oral literature on the other hand.
Modern Romanian authors tried continually without a break to get back to the entropy for the national spirit and thought. V. Alecsandri, as the representative author of the generation of 1848, M. Eminescu and Ion Creangă in the latter half of the 19th century, M. Sadoveanu, T. Arghezi, L. Blaga, Ion Barbu in the interwar period and many contemporary authors of the present time as Horia Lovinescu, M. Eliade, had significant roles and contributed at the development and prosperity of Romanian written literature under the effect of the folk-thoughts and themes of the oral literature.
The oral literature and its traditional mode of the language, which did not become the popular expression of secular experiences alone, as well a method of preservation for the new historical events, were manifested by various literary genres as folk songs, ballads, Colindă(Christmas carol), legends, fairy tales and folk-tales and had the major function to develop the written literature in the categories of the various values, transmitting them from generation to generation. They not only sublimated the folk-materials in the themes and subjects of the oral literature, but also they became the matrix that promoted the internal deepening and qualitative rising of the written literature.
The connection and influences between both literatures as the mythic motive of love in the Zburătorul (The Fairy Flyer), the transcendence of the space and time from the Tinereţe fără bătrâneţe şi viaţa fără de moarte (The youth everlasting and life without end) in the La ţingănci (At the gypsies), the pastoral elements and the national spirit of the death from the ballad Mioriţa (The Ewe Lamb) in the various verses and Sadoveanu's novel Baltagul (The Ax), and the problems of artist creation and its sacrifice from the ballad Meşterul Manole (The Master Builder Manole) in the Blaga's literary works, these are only some limited cases and examples.
The oral literature shows us the literary tendency and internalization of the myth and folklore, the suggestion for the fatal sacrifice and the pastoral elements of the nature. It also underlines the formation and the evolution of the various aspects of the written literature in the progress of interruption and restoration, 'the repetition and eternal recurrence', the continuity and discontinuity, and 'the internal stylistic elan'.