Today, there has been a constant increase in the number of quasi-governmental organizations with governmental and market functions, hence this study is focused on the problem of the increased functions which are different from the initial functions. M ...
Today, there has been a constant increase in the number of quasi-governmental organizations with governmental and market functions, hence this study is focused on the problem of the increased functions which are different from the initial functions. Most quasi-governmental organizations start out as political tools; however, they change into different organizations due to the various enviornmental changes and internal factors.
Even though quasi-governmental organizations have been socially expanded and recognized as a new organization type, there were not many theoretical and practical studies concerning this type of organization. In order to verify whether the various discussions were actually applied, this study attempted the examine studies for Korean quasi-governmental organizations regarding the factors that are changing the organizations, which have appeared during the growth and evolution, by considering their political and economical characteristics, base on the theoretical economic, business, administrative and organizational discussions.
According to the study results, the functions and business scope of the Korean quasi-governmental organizations have expanded constantly. Especially, new functions and roles have emerged such as profitable business along with the constant expansion of their business scope, which was mostly in public business. Along with the expanded and more various business scopes of the quasi-governmental organizations, which are different from the initial business goal, their business characteristics have also been enhanced. This enhancement is the result of the expanded business scopes and their roles as market agents who participate in the market competition by pursuing public interest and profit instead of only performing the role of a government policy agent or a market assistant in pursuit of a specific business goal.
The constant changing functions and business scopes of these quasi-governmental organizations are the result of various internal and external factors that are related not only to its inborn background but also to the growth and development of organizations. In the theoretical discussion, the factors related to the functions of organizations can be explained from the enviornmental, institutional, and strategic aspect because they are an active organism that responds to, sets, and influences the changing environments.
Therefore, the detailed hypothesis was studied for the factors related to the expanded business scope of quasi-governmental organizations from the aspect of the ecological environment such as economic status and industrial cycle, institutional context such as the relationship with the government and internal strategic aspect of organizations in the consideration of the business type and characteristics of the organization. In the results, economic status, industrial cycle and competitive relationship with the related organizations in the market scopes were determined to be direct and indirect factors.
Moreover, the institutional relationships such as policy decision of the government, policy business and related laws, etc were determined to be important factors in regards to the business scope and functions of the quasi-governmental organizations. These institutional factors can be explained as the direct factors describing the business scopes and expanded functions of the organizations that pursue public interest. However, these factors were not always significant to all organizations while their business scopes have been changed. Attempting to find a new business and expand the business scope of the organizations that emphasizes its profit can be explained in the aspect of getting the source of profit instead of those relationships.
Moreover, the expansion of the functions and business scopes can be explained as the follows. The public interest-oriented organizations develop their new business in the area that emphasizes pub