This study was performed by myself in order to verify the participation behavior model in sports of participants who are participating in leisure sport and exercises by applying Vallerand's a hierarchical model of motivation (1997, 2001) in the basis ...
This study was performed by myself in order to verify the participation behavior model in sports of participants who are participating in leisure sport and exercises by applying Vallerand's a hierarchical model of motivation (1997, 2001) in the basis of self-determination theory by Deci & Ryan(1985).
I examined 1,160 participants who is bracked into 18 to 64, 36.77(M), 9.60(SD), who are also the participants in health exercise program(running, fitness, swimming) and leisure sports (golf, adventure sports, racket sports) as well. I analysed 887 participants who consisted of both 535 male and 352 female as the object of final analysis for this study.
As the basic psychological needs measurement, I used the measurements which were designed in the creatively revised by myself referring to Vlachopoulos & Michailidou(2006) et al. In the part of participation motivation, the modified, developed measurement scale(1997, Jung) was used complementarily referring to SMS by Pelletier et al(1995). In the measure of affects, the revised measurement(1997, Jung) was used in order to adjust PANAS-X by Watson & Clark(1994) to our culture and sports as well.
In the measurement of cognition, I modified and developed the items about cognitive relation as well as continued intention. I also measured the period of participation, frequency, and time in the part of participation behavior.
As the result of examining exploratory factor analysis, Crobach's α-coefficient, confirmatory factor analysis, the validity and reliability of all the results were clearly proved, this performance was for the purpose of proving validity and reliability of measuring apparatus.
I verified this research modeling as the structural equation modeling, the statistic program AMOS 5.0 was used for this performance.
through this facts, it was shown that the effectiveness of participation motivation influencing on the variables of result can be very major one.
In terms of an According to the rults of the research, it was true that the participating behavior modeling was suitable one. The factor of autonomy, competence, and relatedness belonging to basic psychological needs was β=.98, it is very high, and it is referred to the effectiveness influencing on participation motivation.
When we make reference to the participation motivation, IM was the most important factor, but it was cleared that amotivation was inappropriate. In the effectiveness which participation motivation can influence on one's affects, the result was β=.82, very high, but modulus of cognition β=1.00, participation behavior β=.70, indirect effect which psychological needs influences on each the variable, the effects on the result variables were high from the point of cognition, β=.98, affects β=.80, participation behavior β=.69, also we can recognize PA β=.80, NA β=-.34, in the part of motivation, the effectiveness of motivation influencing on IM was the most high.
In the indirect effectiveness which participation motivation influences on the result variables, it was shown that both continued intention and the effectiveness on PA were the most high.