The first year study analyzed the body-type characteristics of 340 old-aged obese women that had been on the rise as a part of efforts to activate the silver clothing industry. The subjects were in the age range of 60-79 and met some obesity requirem ...
The first year study analyzed the body-type characteristics of 340 old-aged obese women that had been on the rise as a part of efforts to activate the silver clothing industry. The subjects were in the age range of 60-79 and met some obesity requirements, including a Rohrer Index of 1.6 or higher, a BMI of 25 or higher, and a WHR of 0.85 or higher. The results are written below: First, old-aged obese women showed increased thickness of the torso with age, which suggests that they revealed the characteristics of regardless of gender. In other words, they became bigger in the waist and abdomen, shorter in height, slimmer in the lower body, and thicker in the torso. Second, there are three types of obesity: Type 1 is lower-body obesity with a higher degree of obesity in the abdomen than the upper body. Type 2 is abdominal obesity with a higher degree of obesity in the upper body than in the lower body. Type 3 is whole-body obesity with balanced obesity of the whole body. As for changes to the types of obesity according to age, those who are in their sixties usually fall into the categories of upper-body and whole-body obesity, and those who are in their seventies are much more concentrated in the categories of abdominal obesity and upper-body obesity with a decreased percentage of whole-body obesity. It is apparent that the percentage of
abdominal and upper-body obesity rises with age due to fat accumulation in the abdomen.
The second year study is to propose a specialized clothes-sizing system. The lower bodies of elderly obese women tends to be shorter and wider than average. Particularly, their torsos from the chest to the waist tend to be more obese than other areas. According to the KS standards, the clothes-sizing system sets up its size intervals as follows: 5cm in stature, 5cm and 3cm in bust, 3cm in waist, and 3cm in hip. Based on the dualistic distribution of each section, the names of the sections indicating high distribution are suggested. For suit tops, 11 sizes are selected as distributed in the 145-155cm stature section and 91-103cm bust section. For casual tops, nine sizes are selected as distributed in the 145-155cm stature section and 90-105cm bust section. For bottoms, 11 sizes are selected as distributed in the 82-97cm waist section and 91-97cm hip section. According to the KS standards, detailed sizes are suggested in the division of basic and reference areas.
The purpose of The third year study is to suggest torso patterns fitting aged obese women’s three body shapes. To reduce time, costs, and also trial and error needed to make patterns, a program for 3D test wear was employed. Three virtual models for aged obese women were designed, and the PAD system was used to produce torso patterns. Also, to make optimal torso patterns, 3D simulation was done for test wear and corrections. The results are written below: First, regarding obese women’s three body models realized by CLO 3D, Type 1 is Lower-body obesity shapes. Type 2 is Abdominal obesity shapes. Type 3 is whole-body obesity shapes. Second, to design the study patterns, actual measurement values, Waist back length and Waist to Hip Length, were used. The armhole depth (B/4-1.5), Interscye, front (B/6+2.3), front neck width (B/12-0.5), front neck depth (B/12+0.5), front waist C. (W/4+1.5+D), front hip C. (H/4+2+0.5), and back hip C. (H/4+3-0.5) were calculated by formulas. Third, according to the results of test-wearing the study patterns, reduced front neck width and depth improved the unfitting neck girth and reduced armhole depth bettered loose or plunging armhole girth. It reduced the sagging of bust C., too. Also, the tight side for protruded waist and abdomen improved with the increase of surpluses in the back waist and also back and front hip C. The exterior was enhanced as the displacement of back and front darts distributed the surpluses better.. According to the results of evaluating the appearance, all of the three body forms were evaluated similarly, and, developed patterns have been found to fit aged obese women better than the comparative patterns.