Recently, with the attention of future vehicle technology, automobiles that are influenced by user experience (UX) are regarded as living space. However, the concept of term, definition, and constituent factors of driving experience have not been esta ...
Recently, with the attention of future vehicle technology, automobiles that are influenced by user experience (UX) are regarded as living space. However, the concept of term, definition, and constituent factors of driving experience have not been established so far. In addition, as the aging of society progresses throughout society, the age of driver’s increases, and at the same time, the proportion of drivers in drivers becomes higher.
However, it is a reality that there is no model for the overall driving experience and the criteria for measuring it. Therefore, in this study, factors affecting the driving experience of elderly drivers are derived and based on this, a driving experience model of Korean elderly drivers is presented. To this end, the model of driving experience of young drivers is presented comparatively.
The first year was an exploratory study, and it was derived as an exploratory factor influencing the driving experience of older drivers. Based on this, we presented a driving experience model for older Korean drivers.
To do this, we surveyed 18 drivers and observe driving situation and interviews. Based on the grounded theory, the collected interview data were analyzed by bottom - up method. Factors affecting the driving experience derived through this study were restructured through a top - down approach focusing on the results obtained through literature review.
In this study, the existing studies on driving experience were divided into 'engineering approach', 'psychological approach' and 'convergent approach'. And ‘driving experiencing’ was defined as the whole driving process from start to arrival, the concept of all emotions, perceptions, and cognitive outcomes on the basis of personal characteristics from the start to the destination. The elements that make up the driving experience are divided into 'internal UI factors', 'environmental factors' and 'user related factors'. In the UI factor, the habit component, the arousal factor, the safety factor, and the sensitivity are detailed in the visual information element, the auditory information element, the driving information element, the external disturbance element, the human environment element. In addition, the analysis of the observation process shows the model of the driving process by comparing the youth driver group with the aged driver group based on five modules: 1) lane change, 2) change of direction, 3) stoppage, and 4) travel.
● Second Year Study: The second year study was conducted sequentially in technical and confirmatory studies. Through a technical study, we presented a model of factors affecting driver’s driving experience.
In addition, the comparison of modeling models between elderly and non - elderly drivers is presented. To do this, a questionnaire survey was conducted for young drivers and elderly drivers. The reliability analysis of the results was conducted through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, and the model was presented through structural equation analysis.
As a result of analysis, visual information, auditory information, driving information, human environment, external environmental factors, habit, arousal factor, humiliation, and arousal factor influenced driving safety and emotional factors. Also, driving information, human environment, and hearing information were analyzed as factors affecting driving experience of elderly and young drivers.
In the confirmatory study, the causal relationship was confirmed for the model presented in the previous technical study. Experiments were conducted for young drivers and elderly drivers, and it was analyzed that the arousal response according to the type of sound was significantly different between the two groups.
This study presented the concept of 'driving experience' as a holistic concept in terms of functional, cognitive, scientific and design in HCI meaning, and presented a theoretical model including important factors. In addition, it will be helpful in the process of presenting the personalized UI by utilizing the components of the driving experience derived from the industrial aspect.