This article aims to analyze how the Japanese empire’s civilization strategy to justify the colonial rule of Korea caused ruptures in the recovery of the Korean cultural identity through the restoration of Changgyong palace, Jangchungdan and Sajik-dan ...
This article aims to analyze how the Japanese empire’s civilization strategy to justify the colonial rule of Korea caused ruptures in the recovery of the Korean cultural identity through the restoration of Changgyong palace, Jangchungdan and Sajik-dan.
This study was carried out with the consideration of the fact that the identity of the cultural identity to be restored in the process of colonial heritage settlement is already mixed and confused with the characteristics given by the empire.
This means that the first step of the process of identity restoration is to start from the ‘reconsider' of the identity defined by imperialism, and at the same time, we can access the substance properly about the identity already given by the empire in the process of restructuring its identity.
Typically, Changgyeong-Palace was rebuilt in 1907 as a 'park' with a botanical garden, a zoo, and a museum. It is open to the public and has amusement facilities and amusement and entertainment venues for cherry blossom viewing. However, restoration to the palace after independence was not easy or incomplete. It was not until 1983 that Changgyeong-park regained his name as Palace. Although Changgyeong-Palace has been restructured as a space for learning of history and culture, the 'complete' restoration is under way, and the field workshops, which are presented as the role of Changgyeong-Palace, are similar to those given by the Japanese imperialists. Therefore, research on the restoration of identity has been a process of confirming how much power the Japanese imperialism played in the post - colonial period after the crack of Korean cultural identity that was imposed by the strategy of modern civilization.
The Japanese imperialists ultimately justified colonial rule, encouraging the mental inferiority of Koreans during colonial rule, making Japan itself a model for advanced and modern civilized countries, and recognizing that they were modernizing Korea.
One of the strategies of modernization and civilization was the creation of a 'park' called modern invention. Therefore, Koreans in the colonial period were incomplete, but in order to "enjoy" their identity as modern people, they became citizens of the empire enjoying modern culture, resting in the entertainment and playground parks.
However, Changgyeogng-park, which is a typical modern park created by the Japanese imperialism, has transformed the palace as a symbol of Joseon politics and the royal palace of Joseon as an entertainment space. The Jangchungdan, which was established to honor the soldiers of the Korean Empire and the monarchy, has created as a space, Pakmun temple honoring Ito Hirobumi and also a space for picnics and sports events were held. In addition, the divine space, a sacred space for the welfare and well-being of Joseon, transformed into a picnic and a playground for people.
The independence of Korea from of Japanese colonial rule meant the end of the Japanese colonial rule and the breakup of the Japanese colonial rule. However, the disconnection and ending of colonial rule tended to be limited to the physical political system or colonial power. In other words, it was not easy to break conscious colonialism such as colonial consciousness and modern experience.
It is not an exaggeration to say that cultural infiltration promoted in the name of the modern civilization of Japanese imperialism is still present in various fields to this day, and the process of liquidation and restoration of identity are still in progress until now.
Specifically, in the first year, research on the formation of the symbolic space of colonial power and the reconstruction of the post-colonial space was done simultaneously Changgyeong-Palace and Jangchungdang Park in a single paper. In order to clarify the character of this theme, this research was carried out by separating Changgyeong-Palace and Jangchungdang into individual themes rather than a single paper.
In the first year study, the process of the modernization of Changgyeong-Palace and Jangchungdang, which had the greatest distortions in the Japanese imperialism period, and the destruction of the symbolism of the colonial power in the process and the contents and intentions of the changes were analyzed. And the analysis of the meaning and meaning of the identity that is to be formed and established through the post - colonization process of these spaces after independence.
In the second year, research on the symbolic destruction of colonial space and restoration of spatial identity after post - colonization proceeded with the restoration of the resigned party. And also tried to analyze the processes of the Japanese colonialism that destroyed, neglected, and parked the Sajikdan, which was the role of the spiritual anchor in Korea, and examined the restoration process after liberation.