The 21st century where we live is called as the age of diversity and professionalism, and women are more active in their respective fields. Now, women's lives are changing dramatically, opening the era of women, of woman wins or a female-dominated soc ...
The 21st century where we live is called as the age of diversity and professionalism, and women are more active in their respective fields. Now, women's lives are changing dramatically, opening the era of women, of woman wins or a female-dominated society. In contrast to the modern active women's lives, women of Joseon dynasty ruled by traditional Confucian men were passive, submissive, and lowly beings, compared to men. In keeping with the patriarchal social system, not only did all the important positions occupy men, but all rights and benefits were passed from fathers to sons. At last, women came to be treated as personal beings, thanks to the influence of the equal human view of the Korean practical science, or Silhak that started in the late 18th century, the Equalitarianism of the Donghak for everyone in the mid - nineteenth century and the modernity of western culture influenced by the opening of the port. This phenomenon is not limited to certain countries and societies from past to present. It is common in Korean and Japanese modern and contemporary literature, and there is only difference in the way of expression.
In Korea, women's magazines in the 1920s and 1930s were not only educational institutions that enlighten women, brought up women to read and write with women's schools, but also produced discourses about women. The vocabulary for naming women who required new education within the women was born in various ways, and new words were introduced. These Women's magazines were also the space for competing to defifne these new words. Seito in Japan is a women's literary magazine made only by the hands of women intellectuals in the modern Japanese society for the first time. Participating women rose to defeat the male-centered customs and the old ideologies and establish women's own self. In addition, Seito was aiming to unveil the discourse of women's sexuality such as new birth, virginity(Jungjo in Korean), abortion, maternity protection.
As such, women's writing has not only been the basis for deciding how to represent women, selecting works that are read by women, but also driving a newer critique of women's literature by inducing and executing women's writing into specific categories. Women's magazines were also a medium presenting new modern women's model, making women aware of new society and themselves, emphasizing their roles in family and society, and harmonizing tradition and modernity.
The social atmosphere equals women with mothers, while it completed a formula, the males are the workplace. With works that look at the role of women in a new way, women speak in another voice. Here, the greatest burden for women was labor. For men, labor meant the possibility of obtaining independence and personal identity, but labor was obligatory for women. In particular, women’s duties are narrowed down to their family’s duties. Recognizing the importance of parenting could be seen as a major factor in keeping mothers away from home.