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해외진출 자회사의 핵심활동에서 지속적인 조직변화가 생존에 미치는 연구
Reports NRF is supported by Research Projects( 해외진출 자회사의 핵심활동에서 지속적인 조직변화가 생존에 미치는 연구 | 2016 Year 신청요강 다운로드 PDF다운로드 | 김경호(아주대학교) ) data is submitted to the NRF Project Results
Researcher who has been awarded a research grant by Humanities and Social Studies Support Program of NRF has to submit an end product within 6 months(* depend on the form of business)
사업별 신청요강보기
  • Researchers have entered the information directly to the NRF of Korea research support system
Project Number 2016S1A5A8019974
Year(selected) 2016 Year
the present condition of Project 종료
State of proposition 재단승인
Completion Date 2017년 06월 07일
Year type 결과보고
Year(final report) 2017년
Research Summary
  • Korean
  • 본 연구는 조직적응 이론을 적용하여 해외진출 후 자회사의 핵심영역에서의 변화(즉, 투자액의 변화, 소유지분율의 변화, 그리고 제품영역에서의 변화)가 해외진출 자회사의 생존전략에 어떤 영향을 미치는지를 조사하였다. 더불어, 본 연구는 이러한 조직변화 중에서 상대적으로 어떤 조직변화가 조직의 사멸에 영향을 더 미치는지도 조사하였다. 본 연구를 위해서 해외진출한 2,582건의 한국섬유기업 투자사례를 이용하였다. 연구결과에 따르면 조직의 핵심영역에서의 변화는 조직의 사멸률과 부의 관계가 있음을 보여주었다. 그러나, 본 연구의 결과는 투자액의 조직변화와 제품영역에서의 조직변화는 해외진출 자회사의 사멸률을 낯추는데 기여하지만 소유지분의 변화는 영향을 미치지 못하고 있음을 보여주고 있어서 주의깊은 해석이 필요함을 시사하고 있다.
  • English
  • By applying conventional organizational adaptation theory, this study explores the relationship between post-entry on-going organizational changes in core areas of foreign subsidiaries, such as investment amount, ownership, and product, and the subsequent survival of such subsidiaries in a host country. This study further investigates the relative importance of subsidiary’s organizational change in core areas. For these research questions, this study employs a sample of 2,582 foreign direct investment cases by Korean textile firms. The findings show that a foreign subsidiary’s post-entry ongoing organizational changes in the core areas are negatively associated with its mortality rate. However, we carefully qualify this result: ongoing changes in investment amount and product areas help reduce the mortality rate, whereas changes in ownership do not.
Research result report
  • Abstract
  • By applying conventional organizational adaptation theory, this study explores the relationship between post-entry on-going organizational changes in core areas of foreign subsidiaries, such as investment amount, ownership, and product, and the subsequent survival of such subsidiaries in a host country. This study further investigates the relative importance of subsidiary’s organizational change in core areas. For these research questions, this study employs a sample of 2,582 foreign direct investment cases by Korean textile firms. The findings show that a foreign subsidiary’s post-entry ongoing organizational changes in the core areas are negatively associated with its mortality rate. However, we carefully qualify this result: ongoing changes in investment amount and product areas help reduce the mortality rate, whereas changes in ownership do not.
  • Research result and Utilization method
  • By applying two organizational theories to understand FDIs established by Korean textile firms between 1986 and 1995, a period during which the IB literature provides insufficient statistical empirical evidence about the post-entry organizational change-performance relationship, this study examined how post-entry ongoing organizational changes in the core areas of foreign subsidiaries of Korean textile firms are related to their mortality rates (i.e., exit rates) in host countries. Paying attention to the relationship between post-entry organizational changes and subsequent mortality rates may contribute to our understanding of the primary question: What are the consequences of organizational change? (Barnett & Carroll, 1995). The findings show that changes in the core dimensions of foreign subsidiaries definitely contribute to reducing their mortality rates in host countries. However, this study carefully confirms that not all organizational changes have an identical effect on mortality rates.
    Given that organizational changes occur in diverse core areas, this study specified and qualified the different effect of organizational changes in the three core areas of investment amount, ownership, and products of a foreign subsidiary on its mortality rate. We found that although post-entry ongoing changes in investment amount and product areas significantly contribute to reducing a subsidiary’s mortality rate, changes in ownership do not influence the mortality rate. This finding may result from a subsidiary’s ability to quickly respond to a changing local environment through post-entry modifications in investment amount and product areas. That is, parent companies can rapidly change the level of resource commitment to their subsidiaries or product areas in response to a host country’s transforming environment. In contrast, changing the ownership structure is more complex given the management and control problems between partners. Moreover, additional expenses arising from coordination problems are unavoidable. Changes in organizational structure are indirectly related to the basic work activities of an organization and more directly related to its management (Tsoukas, 1996). Therefore, organizational change in ownership might be indirectly rather than directly related to the subsequent mortality rate; future research may be enriched by demonstrating the indirect relationship.
    This study explores the relationship between post-entry on-going organizational changes in core areas of foreign subsidiaries, such as investment amount, ownership, and product, and the subsequent survival of such subsidiaries in a host country. This study further investigates the relative importance of subsidiary’s organizational change in core areas. For these research questions, this study employs a sample of 2,582 foreign direct investment cases by Korean textile firms. The findings show that a foreign subsidiary’s post-entry ongoing organizational changes in the core areas are negatively associated with its mortality rate. However, we carefully qualify this result: ongoing changes in investment amount and product areas help reduce the mortality rate, whereas changes in ownership do not.
    This study also has several practical implications. First, given that organizational changes do not uniformly influence the mortality rate, firms should pay more attention to the dominantly influencing factors to reduce the mortality rate of their subsidiaries in host countries. Second, this study demonstrated that foreign subsidiaries of Korean textile firms face the liability of adolescence (see Figure 1), not the liability of newness. During this period, firms may attempt to make organizational changes to overcome this liability or may consider an exit strategy depending on their strategic priority.
    This research was to Journal of Applied Business Research (SCOPUS), as planned at the initial stage, and then it was accepted for publication.
  • Index terms
  • 해외진출 후 조직변화, 해외직접투자, 조직적응, 조직생존
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