The purpose of this study was to analyze whether the Social Economic Diffusion Ordinance of local governments positively affects the proliferation of cooperatives, using the empirical model for the cooperative which is the representative social econo ...
The purpose of this study was to analyze whether the Social Economic Diffusion Ordinance of local governments positively affects the proliferation of cooperatives, using the empirical model for the cooperative which is the representative social economic organization in Korea. Salamon, Sokolowski and Anheier et al. Provided a strong basis for extracting the control variables in this study. The main independent variables, the ordinances of the local governments, are the basic ordinances of the basic local governments and the local ordinances of the regional municipalities And the results of the analysis were derived.
The spatial regression model used for the analysis was estimated in two ways. The model 1 is based on estimating the effect of the wide area ordinance in the state where the basic ordinance is controlled or the way of controlling the effect of the basic ordinance in the state where the wide area ordinance is controlled , And Model 2 estimated the cases in which basic local governments affected by the wide area ordinance adopt the basic ordinance at the same time.
In addition, prior to the spatial regression model, the cluster of cooperative associations was confirmed in the basic local governments in Korea. The results of the analysis show that in the case of Model 1, both the local ordinance and the basic ordinance affect the degree of cooperative union diffusion. The adoption of the ordinance by the metropolitan government, which is a higher local government than the adoption of the basic ordinance, this study could confirm. Also, in Model 2, it is revealed that analysis under the influence of wide - area ordinance and at the same time adopting the basic ordinance have the greatest effect on the degree of diffusion. However, both models estimated that the effect of the Basic Ordinance was not too small. To summarize the estimation results of the control variables, the number of private organizations in the basic local government and the degree of activation of the local economy (the number of businesses) were in a positive relationship with the cooperative, and the population size was in a negative relationship. The effect of social welfare expenditure by local governments has also been confirmed. From the perspective of cooperative proliferation, the policy implications derived from the above analysis are as follows.
First, it is necessary to increase the accessibility of policies for social economic support as local governments with a declining population or small population. The results of this study are as follows. First, it is concluded that cooperative societies' proliferation effect is more related to the geographical accessibility of the support policy than the case where the social economic support ordinance of the municipality of the metropolitan municipality and the ordinance of the basic local government are simultaneously affected. can do. Geographical access is one of the most important factors in terms of beneficiaries of policy, and policy access is considered to be a very important tool in policy evaluation from the consumer perspective. This can be seen to be related to the establishment of a social economic support center.
This can be seen to be related to the establishment of a social economic support center. If there are overlapping centers available in the region, it will be easier to receive training and information on start-ups from the co-operative's pre-founder's standpoint. However, in the case of basic local governments with a small population size, even though there is much more demand for establishment of cooperatives, financial conditions may make it difficult to construct social support centers or to provide support systems easily. It is urgent to support the government at the national level and the policy support of the top municipalities. Second, it is necessary to induce the spread of cooperatives by utilizing the extravagance rather than the distribution of clear functions. The results of this study, which were more positive for the proliferation of co - operatives, would have a positive effect on the proliferation of co - operatives. Excessiveness in the sense of excess may be seen as a detriment to the efficiency of organizational structure and organization, but it also serves as a means to overcome realistic problems that arise if only one organization stuck to it.
It is necessary to maximize the capacity of various entities in the region to help them establish cooperatives. However, the cost burden may follow from the basic local government. In this case, it can be overcome through distribution of office work. For the socioeconomic support, it is more effective for the office and basic local governments to be able to act positively in office affairs, and the more effective office, Efforts are also needed to minimize the burden. For example, financial support should be borne by local governments as much as possible, and in case of office work requiring contact such as education and training, basic local governments can promote information and publicity in accordance with the principles of extraterritoriality. Third, it is necessary for the basic local autonomous entities to establish various cooperation fields to induce the spread of cooperatives.
As a result of the estimation of the control variables, not only the accumulation of nonprofit private organizations acted positively on the proliferation of cooperatives but also the number of businesses. This implies that supply side theory provided a meaningful basis for the proliferation of cooperatives. However, the theory of welfare state was not applicable at the level of Korea 's basic local autonomous organization, but the opposite hypothesis was highly persuasive. The analysis of the above results shows that cooperative associations in Korea are spreading in cooperation with various entities. Collaboration with private organizations leads to a 'specific situation' in which social entrepreneurship can spread, as Salamon, Sokolowski and Anheier (2000) argue. Cooperation with non-social private companies also provides an idea of innovation. It can be inferred that they are actually getting help in the process of giving and consuming products and consuming them. If the policy capacity of the basic local government concentrates on this part, it can induce the spread of the cooperative without paying a large expense. The most important area of confidence building in the social and economic sector can be achieved through ongoing interrelationships and cooperation in the relevant areas, which can be fully achieved by policy support from the local municipalities.